The influence of the choice of ethanol-water volume ratio, concentration of zinc salt, and ZnO buffer layer on the formation andmorphology of Zn5(OH)8(NO3)2⋅2H2O grown from the hydrothermal route was systematically discussed. Experimental resultssuggested that Zn5(OH)8(NO3)2⋅2H2O rectangle sheets and Zn5(OH)8(NO3)2⋅2H2O upright-standing plates were obtained bylimiting ethanol-water volume ratio. The concentration of zinc salt was crucial for getting phase-pure Zn5(OH)8(NO3)2⋅2H2O. Thepresence of ZnO buffer layer could lead to the that chemical composition of product grown on the substrate was totally differentfrom the product grown in the solution. Possible formation mechanism of Zn5(OH)8(NO3)2⋅2H2O was also studied. Ramanspectrum of Zn5(OH)8(NO3)2⋅2H2O displays a complex behavior with four modes, which can be assigned to the vibrationalmodes of Zn–H–O, Zn–O, H2O-nitrate, and nitrate. Porously ZnO rectangle sheets were obtained by thermal treatment ofZn5(OH)8(NO3)2⋅2H2O rectangle sheets.
Xu Liu, Chunrui Wang, Xiaoyun Liu, Lizhi Ouyang, Ziyin You, Yeqing Lu, Xiaoshuang Chen, "Understanding the Factors That Control the Formation and Morphology of Zn5(OH)8(NO3)2⋅2H2O through Hydrothermal Route", Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2013, Article ID 938370, 10 pages, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/938370