The impact of therapist values in the culturally diverse clinical interviewing process: A Delphi study
The purpose of this study was to identify the extent cultural variables influence the initial clinical interview protocol. Five cultural groups (i.e., African-Americans, Anglo-Americans, Hispanic-Americans, Asian-Americans and American-Indians) were evaluated. Five hundred licensed psychologists listed in The Directory of Diplomates 1997–1998 (ABPP, 1997) were contacted regarding participation. Twenty-one completed all three rounds. Phase one consisted of eight open-ended questions related to multicultural clinical interviewing protocol. The obtained information was transformed into a 228 second round questionnaire. By using Delphi analytical techniques, 40 items were then identified for evaluation in the last study phase. A Likert scale ranging from 1 = “Strongly Disagree” to 7 = “Strongly Agree” to rank perceived importance of each item was used by participating panel members. Only four items achieved a consensus of at least 80% or higher (i.e., Collaborative goal setting, approaching the session with sensitivity, displaying a respectful attitude toward the client and that individual differences should not be ignored). Implications for further research include the inclusion of cultural subgroups in a follow up study and assessment of practitioner training deficiencies related to multicultural issues.
Ron Douglas McClanahan,
"The impact of therapist values in the culturally diverse clinical interviewing process: A Delphi study"
ETD Collection for Tennessee State University.