Gender differences in the self -esteem levels of adolescent students

Mira Jane Borders, Tennessee State University


The purpose of this study was to examine differences in the self-concept levels of sixth- through eighth-grade students in relation to gender. Data for this study were collected from the raw self-concept scores obtained by students on the Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale. This instrument provided measures of global self-concept as well as measures for specific dimensions of self-concept. In February of 1995, the Piers-Harris survey was administered to 222 students who attended a public middle school in the middle Tennessee area.^ The data for this study were analyzed using t tests and analysis of variance tests. Sex and grade level of the students served as the independent variables of the study, while raw self-concept scores served as the dependent variable. Statistical analysis of the data revealed that no significant gender differences in self-concept scores existed among students at any given grade level. Similarly, no significant differences in self-concept were noted when the combined effects of sex and grade level were calculated. However, significant self-concept differences between students at different grade levels were disclosed. Further analyses revealed that while no significant differences in self-concept were noted between sixth- and eighth-grade males, significant differences between sixth- and eighth-grade females were noted.^ The findings of this study are consistent with the results of other studies discussed in the literature review which reveal that no significant gender differences exist in the self-esteem levels of adolescents. Existing evidence also supported the finding that a decrease in the self-esteem levels of students is more acute for females than for males. Such findings are of importance to school administrators who can implement intervention programs designed to increase the self-concept levels of students during the critical period of adolescence. ^

Subject Area

Education, Educational Psychology|Education, Secondary

Recommended Citation

Mira Jane Borders, "Gender differences in the self -esteem levels of adolescent students" (1995). ETD Collection for Tennessee State University. Paper AAI9806592.