Characteristics of smokers entering a smoking treatment program

Rose Nelson, Tennessee State University


Questionnaires (Vanderbilt Smoking Questionnaire) completed by two independent samples of smokers (N = 844) entering smoking treatment were collected between 1990 and 1995 by the Institute for Smoking Cessation and Prevention of the Kim Dayani Human Performance Center of Vanderbilt University. The study utilized multiple regression and discriminant analyses to examine relationships between age, gender, race, education, and marital status with the following individual characteristics: (1) self-efficacy, (2) motive for smoking, (3) depression, (4) perceived stress, (5) internal health locus of control, (6) age of initiating smoking, (7) cigarettes per day, (8) years have smoked, (9) number of prior quit attempts, (10) nicotine dependence, (11) withdrawal symptoms, (12) weight concerns, (13) readiness for change, (14) environmental risk, (15) perceived support for quitting, (16) longest prior quit attempt, (17) quit of one week or longer in the preceding year, and (18) family-of-origin smoking. Results indicated significant relationships existed between age, gender, race, education, and marital status with selected characteristics. Implications of findings and suggestions for future research were discussed. ^

Subject Area

Psychology, Behavioral|Health Sciences, Public Health|Psychology, Clinical

Recommended Citation

Rose Nelson, "Characteristics of smokers entering a smoking treatment program" (1997). ETD Collection for Tennessee State University. Paper AAI9806347.