A STUDY OF EDUCATION AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN JORDAN
Education has become a major thrust throughout the world. If a country is to advance and prosper economically, it has to participate in international trade and involve its citizens in cultural supplementation. Then, education becomes a need for the masses rather than a privilege for the few. Such views on the importance of education in the national development have been shared throughout the developing countries of the world. Jordan is an emerging Middle Eastern country that values the role of education in a nation-building, and as a crucial determinant to growth.^ This study was divided into two parts. Part one utilized the research techniques of documentary analysis to present the cultural background in which the educational system operates. In part two the correlation and multiple regression analysis were used to examine the relationship between thirty-eight developmental indices which are simple measurements of development in the overall components of modernization.^ The correlation analysis described the relationship between economic, educational, transportation and communication, and political developments. The multiple regression analysis provided a composite picture of development, creating the most effective indicators of Jordanian national development. These indicators were: (1) Community and social services; (2) Number of male students enrolled in secondary cycle; (3) Government services; (4) Educational expenditures; (5) Number of vehicles registered; (6) Aqaba port activities; (7) Government projects; (8) Number of male students in the preparatory cycle; (9) Electric and water projects; (10) Number of coeducational schools; (11) Number of female teachers.^ The study isolated the above indices from the thirty-eight development indicators to be the best predictors of national development. The major findings derived from the study were: (1) There is a strong relationship between the economic, educational, transportation and communication, and political developments. (2) There is a strong association between educational development and economic development. (3) There is a strong relationship between the number of male students in the secondary cycle and economic development. (4) There is a strong relationship between transportation and communication, and economic growth. (5) There is a strong association between political stability and economic growth. (6) Education is a significant factor in the mobility and job opportunity ^
Education, Administration|Sociology, Social Structure and Development
GHASSAN RAMADAN SALAMEH,
"A STUDY OF EDUCATION AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN JORDAN"
ETD Collection for Tennessee State University.