Advantage of disadvantage: Moderating factors of racerelated stress on African American well-being

Christopher Rendelle Slaughter, Tennessee State University


The purpose of this research study was to ascertain whether various cultural factors, unique to the African American experience, would moderate the effects of race related stress on overall well-being. The primary hypothesis for this study postulated that positive racial identity attitudes, racial socialization, social support and spirituality would serve as compensatory factors and reduce the effects of race related stress on African American well-being. The sample included 218 African American males and females who were enrolled at Tennessee State University in the Spring of 2011. In order to obtain adequate information on racial identity attitudes, frequency of racial socialization messages, levels of spirituality and levels of perceived social support, a number of instruments were selected for inclusion in this study. A demographic questionnaire was developed to collect personal information. Results indicated that perceived social support was essential in the moderation of race related on African American well-being. Additionally, positive racial identity attitudes and racial socialization messages were found to be significant moderators in the relationship between race related stress and African American well-being. These finding were consistent with previous research. Recommendations for future research are suggested.

Subject Area

African American Studies|Psychology|Ethnic studies|Physiological psychology

Recommended Citation

Christopher Rendelle Slaughter, "Advantage of disadvantage: Moderating factors of racerelated stress on African American well-being" (2012). ETD Collection for Tennessee State University. Paper AAI3540663.