Gender differences in self-esteem in adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and comorbid oppositional defiant disorder
Gender differences in self-esteem for adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and with comorbid oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) were investigated for 94 outpatient adolescents. Scores from the Adolescent-Low Self-Esteem (A-lse) Scale of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Adolescent (MMPI-A) (Butcher, Williams, Graham, Archer, Tellegen, Ben-Porath, & Kaemmer, 1992) were utilized to determine levels of self-esteem for each adolescent. A two-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to determine the level of significance of A-lse T-scores between male and female subjects and ADHD/ODD diagnosis, utilizing a 2 x 2 design. Results indicated a significant main effect for diagnosis, but not for gender, and a significant interaction for gender and diagnosis. The adolescents diagnosed with ADHD/ODD had significantly lower self-esteem. The males and females did not have significantly different self-esteem scores. Males diagnosed with ADHD/ODD had significantly lower self-esteem than males and females with ADHD only or females with ADHD/ODD.
Pamela Rose Pennington,
"Gender differences in self-esteem in adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and comorbid oppositional defiant disorder"
ETD Collection for Tennessee State University.