Design and Optimization of a Microgrid System with Integrated Renewable Energy Sources for Sub Saharan Africa
In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where electrification rates stays the lowest in the world, conventional electrification methods, including intermittent grid connection and stand-by diesel generator, have shown sustainability constraints to overcome the issue of electrification. Understanding the energy sources in sub-Saharan Africa and integrating the available resources with a microgrid system power supply innovation will address the electrification issues. The primary objective of this study is to determine how this can be achieved optimally while reducing the environmental impacts from electricity generation as well as costs of electricity supply. The microgrid system was designed and analyzed on HOMER software application developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in the United States. A three-month load profile collected from a community in sub-Saharan Africa, Lagos in Nigeria, was used for the analysis. The result presented in this report is the optimized result of a microgrid system comprising of solar photovoltaic system, Lithium-ion battery for storage and diesel generator. Comparative result analysis for different project life cycle is also included in the report. The microgrid model of this study can be replicated for any community in sub-Saharan Africa based on the type of energy requirements, available renewable energy sources and topography of the location.
Energy|Industrial engineering|Sub Saharan Africa Studies
"Design and Optimization of a Microgrid System with Integrated Renewable Energy Sources for Sub Saharan Africa"
ETD Collection for Tennessee State University.