Academic Performance of High School Athletes and Non-Athletes

Antoinne E Ferrell, Tennessee State University


This research set out to determine whether statistically significant differences existed between high school student-athletes and non-athletes, academic performance, high school male and female student-athletes academic performance, and high school male and female student-athletes self-efficacy. The demographics for this study were a rural school district in a southern region state. The participants were 95 high school students. Participants comprised male and female students who were athletes and non-athletes. The grade point averages for all 95 participants were collected and analyzed. Student-athletes were administered the General Self-Efficacy Scale to determine their level of self-efficacy. Three hypotheses guided the study. The Independent samples t-tests were used to analyze the means of the participants' GPA scores and General Self-Efficacy Scale scores and were tested at the .05 alpha level. The findings revealed that there was no statistically significant difference between the GPA scores of students who participated in athletics and non-athletes. Female athletes had significantly higher GPA scores than male athletes. However, statistically significant differences were found between male and female athletes’ self-efficacy. Male athletes reported higher outcomes on the General Self-Efficacy scale than female athletes.The findings suggest that participation in high school students participating in athletics has sustainable outcomes on GPA scores, bearing no negative impact on academics.

Subject Area

Educational leadership|Sports Management

Recommended Citation

Antoinne E Ferrell, "Academic Performance of High School Athletes and Non-Athletes" (2019). ETD Collection for Tennessee State University. Paper AAI27547946.