Synthesis of PbS/TiO2 nanocomposite materials using the sol-gel process via the incorporation of lead thiolates

Khushikumari Patel, Tennessee State University


PbS/TiO2 nanocomposites were prepared by two methods using the sol-gel process: a one step process and a multi-step process. The incorporation of 3-mercaptopropionic acid, followed by the addition of Pb2+ generated covalently incorporated lead thiolate precursors which can then be converted to PbS/TiO2 nanocomposites by controlled thermal decomposition. Various ratios of bifunctional linker to matrix were used to monitor the incorporation of functional groups of the ceramic matrix, and the sol-gel process was used to produce a high yield ceramic materials. This allows solutions to chemically bind and form solid state ceramics, while allowing complex compounds to combine with a high degree of homogeneity. 3-mercaptoproprionic acid, was added to the titania gel, and as a source of sulfur component to bind to the titania. PbS/TiO2 nanocomposites were studied using FTIR spectroscopy. The covalent bonding between PbS and the titania ceramics was also confirmed with the signal intensity in the infrared spectra. The success of the covalent bond between the thiolate and ceramics led to possibility of nanocomposites. X-ray diffraction was used analyze the structure of the nanocomposites X-ray diffraction results showed lead sulfide nanocrystals in the ceramic matrix as well as the size of the particles. The presence of crystalline PbS and particle size was determined using powder X-ray diffraction.

Subject Area

Inorganic chemistry|Nanoscience

Recommended Citation

Khushikumari Patel, "Synthesis of PbS/TiO2 nanocomposite materials using the sol-gel process via the incorporation of lead thiolates" (2014). ETD Collection for Tennessee State University. Paper AAI1557684.