The Effect of Violacein Extracted from Chromobacterium violaceum on Growth of Breast, Colon, Lung, and, Prostate Cancer Cell Lines
Chromobacterium violaceum (CV) produces a violet color pigment known as Violacein. It has been reported that violacein has anticancer activity. This compound is produced by CV a gram-negative facultatively anaerobic bacterium found in soil and water environmental samples. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of purified violacein on select cancer cell lines. Violacein used in this study was purified from CV strain (14N23), a strain isolated from environmental samples collected in the Tennessee Copper Basin. The previous reports used a crude extract preparation of violacein; thus, it was of interest to determine the effect of the pure compound on cancer cell growth was similar to that of the crude extracts. The compound purified following the method of Mehta, et al. was exposed to cancer cells and cell death assessed using the Alamar Blue procedure. It was found that violacein had no effect on A549, BT549, and PC3 cancer cell growth; however, there was a significant effect on Colo-320 cancer cells. It was concluded that further studies are required to assess the effect of violacein on enzymes and proteins involved in the cancer cell apoptotic pathways. Such studies will explain why cancer cell death was observed in certain cancer cells and not others.
Ghadah Khaled Yousuf,
"The Effect of Violacein Extracted from Chromobacterium violaceum on Growth of Breast, Colon, Lung, and, Prostate Cancer Cell Lines"
ETD Collection for Tennessee State University.