Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-28-2017

Abstract

Stellar activity observed as large surface spots, radio flares, or emission lines is often found in binary systems. UX Arietis exhibits these signs of activity, originating on the K0 subgiant primary component. Our aim is to resolve the binary, measure the orbital motion, and provide accurate stellar parameters such as masses and luminosities to aid in the interpretation of the observed phenomena. Using the CHARA six-telescope optical long-baseline array on Mount Wilson, California, we obtained amplitudes and phases of the interferometric visibility on baselines up to 330 m in length, resolving the two components of the binary. We reanalyzed archival Center for Astrophysics spectra to disentangle the binary component spectra and the spectrum of the third component, which was resolved by speckle interferometry. We also obtained new spectra with the Nordic Optical Telescope, and we present new photometric data that we use to model stellar surface spot locations. Both interferometric visibilities and spectroscopic radial velocities are modeled with a spotted primary stellar surface using the Wilson–Devinney code. We fit the orbital elements to the apparent orbit and radial velocity data to derive the distance (52.1 ± 0.8 pc) and stellar masses (${M}_{{\rm{P}}}=1.30\pm 0.06\ {M}_{\odot }$, ${M}_{{\rm{S}}}=1.14\pm 0.06\ {M}_{\odot }$). The radius of the primary can be determined to be ${R}_{{\rm{P}}}=5.6\pm 0.1\ {R}_{\odot }$ and that of the secondary to be ${R}_{{\rm{S}}}=1.6\pm 0.2\ {R}_{\odot }$. The equivalent spot coverage of the primary component was found to be 62% with an effective temperature 20% below that of the unspotted surface.

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