From numerous radial velocities as well as Johnson B and V differential photoelectric photometry, we have determined the orbital elements and other properties of the single-lined triple system HD 126516. This system consists of a narrow-lined F5 V star and an unseen M dwarf companion in a 2.1241 day circular orbit. The small, low-mass secondary produces detectable eclipses of the primary, and that pair has been given the variable star name V349 Vir. Variations of the center-of-mass velocity of this short-period system have an orbital period of 702.7 days or 1.92 yr and an eccentricity of 0.36. The third star is likely a K or M dwarf. From an analysis of our photometry, we conclude that the primary of HD 126516 is not a γ Dor variable. Comparison with evolutionary tracks indicates that the primary is slightly metal-poor and has an age of 2.5 Gyr. The projected rotational velocity of the primary is very low, just 4 km s−1, which is 10 times less than its synchronous rotational velocity. Thus, either that component's rotation is extremely non-synchronous or the inclinations of the rotational and orbital axes are very different, and so the primary has a very large spin–orbit misalignment. Because of the moderate age of the system and the fact that its orbit is already circularized, neither situation is expected theoretically.
Francis C. Fekel et al 2019 AJ 158 189