Radial velocities from 1916.95 to 1991.95 and photometry from l979.25, both published and new in this paper, are presented and analyzed. A new solution of the radial velocity curve reveals a new period of 80.90 days and an eccentricity of e = 0.05 +/- 0.02, both very different from the 80.17 days and 0.35 found by Abt et al. (1969). An alternative solution with e = 0 is given because we cannot decide firmly whether or not the small eccentricity is real. We find V sin i = 11.3 +/- 0.3 km/s from Maidanak and 10 unequal depth. 0.048 mins and 0.026 mins. The orbital ephemeris for conjunction (K gisnt behind) is JD(hel.) 2,448,111.1 (+/- 0.4 days ) + 80.898 days (+/- 0.004 days ) E, consistent with both the radial velocities and the photometry. With the ellipticity effect removed, the light curve shows residual variability which we fit with a two-spot model. During the 13 years covered by photometry there were nine different starspots, the largest one producing a light loss of 0.19 mins. Rotation periods for the nine spots ranged from 78.6 +/- 0.5 days to 83.7 +/- 0.4 days from which we concluded that the K giant does rotate synchronously but with a differential rotation coefficient of k = 0.06 +/- 0.01. Lifetimes for the nine spots ranged from 1.1 to greater than 4.2 yr and were consistent with the empirical spot lifetime laws of Hall & Henry (1994). Use of the mass function, the orbital period, the V sin i, the two different ellipticity effect amplitudes, and various logical constraints led to ranges of possible masses, radii and inclinations. The most believable solution was around i = 90 deg, R1 = 24 solar radii, M1 = 1.1 solar mass, and M2 = 0.6 solar mass. THe Rossby number for the K giant is 0.48, small enough compared to the critical value of 0.65 to explain why, though rotating 'slowly', it does have large spots.
Hall, D.S.; Fekelf, C.; Henry, G.W.; Eaton, J.A.; Barksdale, W.S.; Dadonas, V.; Eker, Z.; Kalv, P.; Chambliss, C.R.; Fried, R.E.; Fortier, G.L.; Landis, H.J.; Louth, H.P.; Powell, H.D.; McFaul, T.G.; Miles, R.; Nielsen, P.; Renner, T.R.; Robb, S.P.; Slauson, D.M.; Stelzer, H.J.; Wasson, R.; Wood, J.E. "A Spectroscopic and Photometric Study of 12 BM Camelopardalis" Astronomical Journal v.109, p.1277 (1995)