As part of our program to study stellar photospheric and chromospheric activity, we have examined several young solar type stars with activity levels intermediate between the Sun and the very active RS CVn binaries. We have analysed contemporaneous spectroscopic data obtained at Catania Observatory (Serra La Nave station, Mt. Etna) and photometric data acquired in the Stromgren bands with an automatic photometric telescope (APT) at Fairborn Observatory (Arizona, USA). Surface inhomogeneities have been detected from the rotational modulation of stellar brightness as well as from the modulation of several photospheric line-depth ratios (LDRs). The presence of chromospheric plage-like regions has been inferred from the rotational modulation of the Halpha line equivalent width (EW_Halpha) evaluated with the spectral synthesis method. The most relevant results are the strong correlation between the brightness and temperature curves derived respectively from photometry and the LDRs as well as the striking anti-correlation between brightness and Halpha emission. This suggests a close spatial association of spots and plages, as frequently observed for the largest sunspot groups (e.g., Catalano et al. (1998)) and for some very active RS CVn systems (Catalano et al. 2002). Moreover, a simple spot/plage model applied to the observed flux curves allows a rough reconstruction of photospheric and chromospheric features of young main sequence stars.
K. Biazzo, A. Frasca, G. W. Henry, S. Catalano, E. Marilli "Photospheric temperature measurements in young main sequence stars" Proc. 13th Cool Stars Workshop, Hamburg, 5–9 July 2004