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Nutrient resorption plays an important role in the nutrient conservation of plants and ecosystem nutrient cycling. Although community succession and nutrient addition could regulate plant nutrient resorption, how resorptions of foliar nutrients vary with human disturbances remains unclear. With the economic development, Phoebe bournei forests (PF) have suffered varying degrees of human disturbances in China. In this study, the leaf nutrient resorption efficiency (RE) of the PF under two disturbances (i.e., severe and mild disturbances) were investigated. Results showed that the phosphorus (P) contents of green leaf, senesced leaf, and soil were low under both disturbances, reflecting that the PF had a potential P limitation. Phosphorus and potassium (K) REs were higher under the severe disturbance than those under the mild disturbance. The potassium resorption efficiency was the highest among the three REs under both disturbances. In addition, nutrient resorption efficiencies increased with green leaf nutrient contents under both disturbances. However, there were negative significant relationships of specific leaf area and leaf dry matter content with nutrient resorption under both disturbances. These findings provide a new perspective of nutrient resorption and revealed the potential impact of human disturbances on the nutrient cycle in forest ecosystems.