Agronomic evaluation of biofortified beans in Antioquia producers’ farms

Álvaro Tamayo-Vélez, Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria
Gloria E. Santana-Fonseca, Universidad de Caldas
Matthew W. Blair, Tennessee State University
Carolina Ortiz-Muñoz, Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria


The objective of this research was to evaluate genotypes of iron- and zinc-enriched common beans during breeding in producers’ farms. Yield, disease reaction, and commercial grain characteristics were evaluated to achieve this objective. In three locations of Antioquia (Rionegro, Jardín, and Betulia), seven bush beans and eight climbing bean genotypes were planted. A randomized complete block design with four replications was used in each location. There were significant differences between the bush and climbing bean genotypes that were evaluated. The highest yields, in all locations, were for the biofortified bean NUA 45 and the control variety Uribe Rosado, followed by the CAL 96 and AFR 612 genotypes. For the climbing beans, the highest yields were found in the G2333 genotypes, being this treatment equal to the MAC 27, a bean that is adapted to mid-climate and altitudes. The MAC 27 material is presented as a promising variety because of its high yields and tolerance to diseases, mainly anthracnose.