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This paper reports a laser capture microdissection-tandem mass tag-quantitative proteomics analysis of Al-sensitive cells in root tips. Cherry tomato (Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme ‘LA2710’) seedlings were treated under 15 μM Al3+ activity for 13 d. Root-tip longitudinal fresh frozen tissue sections of 10 μm thickness were prepared. The Al-sensitive root zone and cells were determined using histochemical analysis of root-tips and micro-sections. A procedure for collecting the Al-sensitive cells using laser capture microdissection-protein extraction-tandem mass tag-proteomics analysis was developed. Proteomics analysis of 18 μg protein/sample with three biological replicates per treatment condition identified 3879 quantifiable proteins each associated with two or more unique peptides. Quantified proteins constituted a broad range of Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways when searched in the annotated tomato genome. Differentially expressed proteins between the Al-treated and non-Al treated control conditions were identified, including 128 Al-up-regulated and 32 Al-down-regulated proteins. Analysis of functional pathways and protein-protein interaction networks showed that the Al-down-regulated proteins are involved in transcription and translation, and the Al-up-regulated proteins are associated with antioxidant and detoxification and protein quality control processes. The proteomics data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD010459 under project title ‘LCM-quantitative proteomics analysis of Al-sensitive tomato root cells’.


This paper presents an efficient laser capture microdissection-tandem mass tag-quantitative proteomics analysis platform for the analysis of Al sensitive root cells. The analytical procedure has a broad application for proteomics analysis of spatially separated cells from complex tissues. This study has provided a comprehensive proteomics dataset expressed in the epidermal and outer-cortical cells at root-tip transition zone of Al-treated tomato seedlings. The proteomes from the Al-sensitive root cells are valuable resources for understanding and improving Al tolerance in plants.