Little is known of the optimal floor density for the Pearl Grey (PG) guinea fowl pullet. Hence, the objective of this study was to determine the effect of varying floor density on the growth performance of PG guinea fowl pullets. In 3 replicates, 1-d-old guinea keets (n = 786) were weighed individually and randomly assigned to floor pens covered with pine wood shavings at 80, 69, 60, and 53 birds/pen, equivalent to densities of 18, 15.6, 13.6, and 12 birds/m2, respectively. The birds were allowed feeder space of 2.3, 2.7, 3.1, and 3.5 cm/bird, respectively, and water space of 1.2, 1.4, 1.6, and 1.8 cm/bird, respectively. The photoperiod was 23 h at 0 to 11 wk of age (WOA) and 8 h at 12 to 16 WOA. Birds were fed diets comprising 3,000 and 3,100 kcal of ME/kg of diet at 0 to 4 and 5 to 8 WOA, respectively, and 24% CP. At 9 to 16 WOA, the diets comprised 3,100 kcal of ME/kg and 18% CP. Feed and water were provided for ad libitum consumption. Body weight and feed consumption were measured weekly. Overall, BW gains were higher (P < 0.05) and feed conversion ratios (FCR) were significantly lower in birds reared at a floor density of 18 birds/m2 than in birds reared on other treatments at 0 to 8 WOA. However, at 9 to 16 WOA, birds at floor densities of 12 birds/m2 exhibited higher BW gain and feed consumption and lower FCR (P < 0.05) than those at floor densities of 13.6, 15.6, and 18 birds/m2. Therefore, this study suggests an optimum floor density of 18 and 12 birds/m2 at 0 to 8 and 9 to 16 WOA, respectively, to achieve the highest possible FCR for the PG guinea fowl replacement pullets.
S.N. Nahashon, N. Adefope, D. Wright, "Effect of floor density on growth performance of Pearl Grey guinea fowl replacement pullets", Poultry Science, Volume 90, Issue 6, 2011, Pages 1371-1378, ISSN 0032-5791, https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.2010-01216.