The probiotic potential and antimicrobial activity of Lactiplantibacillus plantarum, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and Bifidobacterium longum were investigated against Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella typhimurium and Listeria monocytogenes. Selected strains were subjected to different acid levels (pH 2.5–6.0) and bile concentrations (1.0–3.0%). Strains were also evaluated for their antimicrobial activity by agar spot test. The potential probiotic strains tolerated pH 3.5 and above without statistically significant growth reduction. However, at pH 2.5, a significant (p < 0.05) growth reduction occurred after 1 h for L. plantarum (4.32 log CFU/mL) and B. longum (5.71 log CFU/mL). S. cerevisiae maintained steady cell counts for the entire treatment period without a statistically significant (p > 0.05) reduction (0.39 log CFU/mL). The results indicate at 3% bile concertation, 1.86 log CFU/mL reduction was observed for L. plantarum, while S. cerevisiae, and B. longum growth increased by 0.06 and 0.37 log CFU/mL, respectively. L. plantarum and B. longum demonstrated antimicrobial activity against E. coli O157:H7, S. typhimurium and L. monocytogenes. However, S. cerevisiae did not display any inhibition to any of the pathogens. The results indicate that L. plantarum and B. longum present probiotic potential for controlling E. coli O157:H7, S. and L. monocytogenes in poultry.
Igbafe, J.; Kilonzo-Nthenge, A.; Nahashon, S.N.; Mafiz, A.I.; Nzomo, M. Probiotics and Antimicrobial Effect of Lactiplantibacillus plantarum, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and Bifidobacterium longum against Common Foodborne Pathogens in Poultry. Agriculture 2020, 10, 368. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10090368