The relationship between selected Tennessee elementary and middle school library media centers and Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program Composite Reading Test scores

Judy Bivens, Tennessee State University

Abstract

This study examined the relationship between elementary and middle school library programs and student Reading achievement scores on the Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program in grades 3 through 8. Predictor variables included (a) library collection size, (b) library visits and book checkouts, and (c) the services delivered by librarians in 189 schools in Tennessee. The criterion variable in the study was students' standardized test scores in Reading as measured by the Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program (TCAP) for students in grades 3 through 8. Control variables included enrollment, attendance, economically disadvantaged, and non-minority data from each school. This study replicated a study undertaken by Crafford (2006) in West Tennessee school libraries. The 3 research questions were: (1) Does collection size (number of books, magazines, and audio-visual items) in a school library media center affect the results of student performance as measured by Reading scores on the TCAP in schools located throughout Tennessee? (2) Does the number of student visits to the library media center and the number of books checked out by students influence the reading achievement as measured by Reading scores on the TCAP of students in schools located throughout Tennessee? (3) Do the services performed by library media specialists impact student achievement as measured by Reading scores on the TCAP of students in schools located throughout Tennessee? Coupled with Crafford's West Tennessee study, there was corroborating evidence for statistically significant data found to support that collection size does impact TCAP Composite Reading Test Scores in grades 3 through 8 in Tennessee schools. This also substantiates Lance's (1993, 2005) Colorado studies and especially his Illinois (2005) study where a major finding was the relationship of collection size to student achievement. ^

Subject Area

Library Science|Education, Elementary|Education, Secondary|Information Science

Recommended Citation

Judy Bivens, "The relationship between selected Tennessee elementary and middle school library media centers and Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program Composite Reading Test scores" (2008). ETD Collection for Tennessee State University. Paper AAI3320219.
http://digitalscholarship.tnstate.edu/dissertations/AAI3320219

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