A comparison of high school and college academic statistics of student-athletes who entered college under Proposition 48 and student-athletes who entered college under Proposition 16

Joseph Paul Luckey, Tennessee State University

Abstract

This descriptive study was conducted to determine if student-athletes who entered Austin Peay State University, a mid-size, urban, public, four-year university located in the southeastern United States, under the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) initial-eligibility standards of Proposition 16 were better students academically than those student-athletes entering under the standards of Proposition 48. Data were collected from the Student Information System (SIS) for the period of 1992–1999. One hundred forty-one students were certified under Proposition 48 for this study while 144 students were certified under Proposition 16. The data were analyzed using the chi square method and an unpaired t test. Five high school academic statistics and four college academic statistics were tested for differences between the Proposition 48 and Proposition 16 student-athletes. The results of the study indicated that there was a difference between the two groups in terms of high school grade-point average, Austin Peay State University admissions core grade-point average and their NCAA core grade-point average. The results of the study indicated that there were no differences for high school rank or the standardized test score. In addition, no differences were found for the four college variables which included yearly grade-point average, specific letter grades earned, enrollment status, and major declaration status. Therefore, recommendations were made to continue researching the initial-eligibility standards of the NCAA and for other Division I institutions to replicate this study to examine the impact of Proposition 16 on their student-athletes' academic progress. ^

Subject Area

Education, Administration|Education, Higher

Recommended Citation

Joseph Paul Luckey, "A comparison of high school and college academic statistics of student-athletes who entered college under Proposition 48 and student-athletes who entered college under Proposition 16" (1999). ETD Collection for Tennessee State University. Paper AAI3007613.
http://digitalscholarship.tnstate.edu/dissertations/AAI3007613

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