Sprint Time Differences Between: 4 pt. Block Start, 4 pt. Non-Block Start, and Standing Start

Vicmari Prospero, Tennessee State University


The primary purpose of this research was to determine whether using starting blocks has an increased time compared to not using blocks when assessing sprinters starts. The samples of participants used in this study were randomly selected volunteers from Tennessee State University. A total of 40 non-athlete students, 23 males and 17 females, were assessed during the procedures. The volunteers were enrolled and attended at least one or more course(s) in the Human Performance and Sport Sciences Department. All participants had some experience with training and daily physical activity. The testing was administered over a three day time period. Meaning, on day one subjects performed their first set of the three starts, then a day of rest between, and on day 3 completed their second set of the three starts. The subjects performed 2 trails each of 4pt. block starts, 4pt. non-block starts, and standing starts without blocks.^ During testing, each subject was given approximately 1 minute intervals between each repetition. Once the subject was set, the whistle was blown and the subject then accelerated sprinting 20m to the finish and was timed by stopwatch at 10 and 20 meters. The results of the study showed there was no statistically significant difference between 4 point block start and 4 point non-block start, at 10 meters. There was a significant difference between standing start and 4 point starts at 10 meters, but not at 20 meters. There was also no statistically significant difference between any of the starts at 20 meters. The testing proved that most of the differences found were at the 10 meter distance in the male group, and the male subjects were more affected by the type of start than females.^

Subject Area

Biology, Biostatistics|Health Sciences, Recreation

Recommended Citation

Vicmari Prospero, "Sprint Time Differences Between: 4 pt. Block Start, 4 pt. Non-Block Start, and Standing Start" (2013). ETD Collection for Tennessee State University. Paper AAI1541422.