Perceptions of Saudi and American Citizens of the Effectiveness of Alternative Sanctions

Mansour Albinali, Tennessee State University

Abstract

This study was aimed to measure if there was a statistically significant difference in the perceptions of Saudi and American citizens of the effectiveness of alternative sanctions to incarceration.^ From a homogenous population, a sample of 201 subjects was selected using two methods. The first method was to administer a survey to participants in apartments, parks, and universities for the Americans, the other method, was to electronically survey Saudi Arabians using Survey Monkey through many websites and social media for Saudi Arabians.^ The reliability and factor analysis was extremely important for the study in order to determine if the data was reliable for further analysis by the using multiple forced-choice Likert scale questions. The factor analysis is important as well in order to realize the variability explained by each level. Cronbach’s Alpha was employed for the thirteen Likert scale items and was 0.841, therefore, the items under study were considered to have an acceptable level of internal consistency as an acceptable level for the social sciences. The Spearman’s rho correlation coefficient was used in order to illustrate the strength and direction of the link between the perceptions of Americans and Saudi Arabians in country, gender, and age variables and the alternative sanctions scale. Spearman’s rho correlation coefficient was used in this study in order to determine how strong the relationship was between the two variables. It can range from -1.00 (indirect relationship) to 1.00 (direct relationship) with values of 0.00 indicating no relationship.^ From the primary hypothesis, we can see there were statistically significant difference in the perceptions between Americans and Saudi Arabians about the effectiveness of alternative sanctions. There was a significant difference in how Americans and Saudi Arabians think about the effectiveness of alternative sanctions (.003). On the other hand, there was no significant difference of how gender and age influences the perceptions of the effectiveness of alternative sanctions. The overall conclusion for this study is that there is a significant difference in how Americans and Saudi Arabians perceive about the effectiveness of alternative sanctions.^

Subject Area

Criminology

Recommended Citation

Mansour Albinali, "Perceptions of Saudi and American Citizens of the Effectiveness of Alternative Sanctions" (2016). ETD Collection for Tennessee State University. Paper AAI10119089.
http://digitalscholarship.tnstate.edu/dissertations/AAI10119089

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