The effect of prekindergarten participation on third grade academic achievement and the implications for curriculum management in a southwest Tennessee school district

Dalila M Duarte, Tennessee State University

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine if prekindergarten participation had an impact on third-grade student achievement, as measured by the Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program (TCAP) Achievement Tests in Reading/Language Arts and Mathematics considering gender, socioeconomic status, and race. To determine the impact of prekindergarten participation on student achievement, TCAP reading/language arts and mathematics number-correct scores of students who attended prekindergarten were compared to the TCAP reading/language arts and mathematics number-correct scores of students in the same school district who did not attend prekindergarten. ^ An independent-samples t test found no statistically difference in reading achievement between students who attended a prekindergarten program and students who did not and a statistically significant difference in mathematics achievement between students who attended a prekindergarten program and students who did not. Students who did not attend a prekindergarten program had significantly higher mathematics achievement scores. An analysis of variance procedure (ANOVA) was used to analyze data as a function of gender, socioeconomic status, and race. The findings revealed prekindergarten participation did not affect reading achievement, and reading achievement was affected by gender, socioeconomic status, and race. Females tended t have greater reading and mathematics achievement than males. High-SES students tended to have greater reading and mathematics achievement than low-SES students. There were also significant differences in third-grade TCAP reading and mathematics scores based on race.^

Subject Area

Educational administration

Recommended Citation

Dalila M Duarte, "The effect of prekindergarten participation on third grade academic achievement and the implications for curriculum management in a southwest Tennessee school district" (2015). ETD Collection for Tennessee State University. Paper AAI10003150.
http://digitalscholarship.tnstate.edu/dissertations/AAI10003150

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